Technical insights


Structural determinants of global trade in graphic paper and pulp products

Paper - 10 Nov 2021, PDF - 1.10 MB

Both trade and production of graphic paper have decreased over the last three decades. While this general decrease can partially be attributed to increased prominence of information technology, the overall figure is devoid of context and thus of most of its meaning to global economy. In this analysis of the international trade of graphic paper and pulp products, Xinran Shen and Marko Lovrić, from EFI, aim to break this trend down across the geographical and temporal scope, across its supply-chain commodities and to find out what drives the global trade patterns.


An Economic Impact Analysis of the U.S. Biobased Products Industry

Reports - 02 Aug 2021, PDF - 8.07 MB

This report was prepared for the USDA BioPreferred® Program. The report is part of a series of reports tracking the impact of the biobased product industry on the U.S. economy. This series seeks to examine and quantify the effect of the U.S. biobased products industry from economic, job, and environmental perspectives, and this report provides an important update to past reports. The report is intended to provide a snapshot of available information and a platform upon which to build future efforts as more structured reporting and tracking mechanisms may be developed.


Policy Brief #5 – Framework for Assessing the Development of a Circular Bioeconomy

Policy brief - 19 Jul 2021, PDF - 329.70 KB

This Policy Brief will explore the quantifying range of indicators available to measure the progress of the circular bioeconomy. This broad palette of indicators makes it harder for policymakers to consider all of them in their decisions. Here a theoretical framework is devised, to accommodate any number of well-defined quantitative indicators and make it easier for decision-makers to see the overall development of the circular bioeconomy. One of the findings is that the circular bioeconomies of ten EU countries generally progressed over the period of 2006–2016, but not all indicators exhibited this general development.


Value Added of the EU bioeconomy

presentations - 01 Jul 2021, PDF - 385.46 KB

Input output flow between 100% bioeconomy industries and partly bioeconomy industries creates the downstream and upstream effects.



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